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Hydrogen technology is developing at full speed

 

Can cars and portable computers of the future work on the old fat? Engineers at the University of Leeds believe in it, and vigorously develop efficient and environmentally friendly system of production of hydrogen. The system provides the extraction of hydrogen from waste materials, such as vegetable oils and by-product of biodiesel production – glycerol. The goal is to create highly pure hydrogen based fuel necessary not only for large-scale energy production, but also for small portable fuel cells.

Dr. Valerie Dyupont School of eco-friendly materials (SPEME) says: “I foresee a time when the processes we are studying, make hydrogen – the dominant fuel. We investigate the possibility of creating a unique, efficient method of hydrogen production that uses air instead of combustion to heat the crude product. Our current research will improve the stability of this process and reduce its carbon emissions. ”

A grant of more than £ 400,000 provided by the University Research Council of Engineering and Physical Sciences (EPSRC), together with a consortium consisting of 12 institutions known as SUPERGEN.

Hydrogen is widely considered to be a potential replacement for fossil fuels, but extracting it expensive task. In addition, conventional methods of hydrogen production produce a lot of greenhouse gas.

The system, developed at Leeds mixes waste products with steam to produce hydrogen and potentially cheaper, cleaner and more efficient.

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Hydrocarbon-based fuel from plants or unwanted sources is mixed with steam in a catalytic reactor, producing hydrogen and carbon dioxide, together with excess water. Water cooled and easily removed with carbon dioxide solid sorbent.
Dyupont doctor says, “It’s becoming more and more necessary for scientists to invent new technologies to limit the amount of carbon dioxide that they release. This project makes us one step closer to these goals – as soon as we have the technology that will allow us to produce hydrogen sustainably, the infrastructure to support its use will grow. ”

“We firmly believe that this steam converting process has great potential to help build hydrogen energy. Our first challenge was to find materials that are guaranteed to us and to catalyze the desired reaction and to capture carbon dioxide, which can be used many times without loss of efficiency. “