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About Turkey


Turkey is a parliamentary republic, founded on 29 October 1923. Capital of Turkey – Ankara. Legislation in the Republic is based on the European model, and is regulated by the Constitution of 1982.
Turkey’s geographic feature is located at the crossroads of important routes since ancient times connecting Europe with Asia, the Black Sea countries and the peoples of the Mediterranean. In Turkey, climate, soil and vegetation varies greatly from place to place.
Population – 70.7 million people, mostly Turks (90%). Turks by religion are Muslims. Official language is Turkish. 35% of the population live in rural areas. The largest city is Istanbul.
At present, almost completely eradicated illiteracy and solve problems related to the quality of education, bringing it into line with the needs of society and the world standards.
The most important in Turkish culture is architecture. Different styles, different traditions, different cultures. Hittites, Arabs, Greeks, Romans, Turks and many others – all contributed to an amazing alloy called Turkish culture.
Legislative power in Turkey has a unicameral parliament (Majlis) is Grand National Assembly of Turkey. Voting rights are Turkish citizens over 18 years of age.
President of the Republic has a dominant position in the state mechanism. Elected by Parliament for a term of seven years without reelection for a second term. The current president is Ahmet Sezer Nedyaedet elected May 5, 2001.
Recently there has been political instability in Turkey, which for 10 years was replaced by 10 Governments. Now the ruling party is the Justice and Development Party, which is democratic in nature.
Modern Turkey – the most advanced Muslim country in the region of the Middle East. In 2003, the share of agriculture in GDP was 13%, while the share of the industry is 26%, services is 61%.
With the move of Turkey, from the 80s to the export-oriented model of steady economic growth (an average of 4-5% per year) growth rate in the industry (on average by 9.8% per year). State phasing out business, privatizing their enterprises.
The currency of Turkey is the Turkish Lira. But people do not trust the local currency, the consequence of this was the “dollarization” of the economy. In 2001, there was an impairment of lira against the dollar at 2.16 times, despite the fact that inflation was 53%.
A characteristic feature of the Turkish economy is high inflation, large budget deficits and consequently a large public debt. For 2004, the external debt of Turkey is around 131 billion dollars.
The main items of Turkish exports are textiles and clothing, cars, citrus, food, spare parts, metal products, glass products, agricultural products. The main imports are petroleum, petroleum products, gas, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, machinery, fertilizers, wood and lumber.
For 2003, the main trade partners of Turkey are Germany, Italy, UK, USA, France, Russia (“shuttle” trade around 4-5 billion), and the Netherlands, Spain, Belgium, Switzerland, China, Japan, Iran, Saudi Arabia.

Internet technologies are widely used in Turkey. For by-passing restrictions to some resource socks proxies could be used. It helps also to stay in anonymity and get an access to all services and sites in USA, Canada and Europe (with socks5 protocol).

Turkey had signed a customs union with the EU in 1996. Because of this feature of the import regime in Turkey is the abolition of all tariffs in industrial goods between Turkey and the EU about 15,500 commodities.